ISSUP – NACADA International Drug And Substance Abuse Reduction Report

A Report On The Training Workshop On;
ISSUP – NACADA International Drug And Substance Abuse Reduction
Held In Nairobi Kenya 7-9th December 2018

Table of contents
1. Abbreviations and acronyms
2. Executive summary
3. Background and Objectives of the training
4. Structure of the training
    Day 1 Training session
    Day 2 Training session
    Day 3 Training session
5. Recommendation

S.P.F- Strategic prevention framework
D.F.C- Drug Free Community Program
ATOD – Alcohol Tobacco and other drugs
SAMHA- Substance abuse and mental health services
CADCA- Community Anti-Drug coalition of America
DAP- Colombo plan drug advisory program
AU- African Union
UNODC- The United Nations Office on Drug Reduction


Date of training: 7-10th December 2018
Venue: Hilton Hotel, Nairobi Kenya
Organizer: NACADA, Colombo Plan, CADCA
Participants: 21 representatives from different organizations from different African countries including; Kenya, Namibia, Liberia, Zimbabwe, Nigeria and Ghana
Theme of training:  Strategic Prevention Framework and leadership
Source of funding: Colombo Plan, NACADA, UONDC.

This report summarizes and highlights the key activities associated with the training program held in Nairobi, Kenya on International Substance and Drug Abuse Reduction. This was predeceased by the first conference on the agenda held in Abu Dhabi back in 2015. The training was awareness and educational exercise for the experiences gained by the different participants in their coalitions and organizations in their implementation efforts on drug abuse awareness and reduction.

Participants from 6 different countries in addition to the NACADA training facilitators, the Colombo Plan representative and 2 NACADA resource person involved in this activity. Participants acknowledged the organizations involved and their efforts to ensure a drug free International Society. The participants were grateful and applauded the platform for the training. The CADCA officials participated in the opening summary and gave blessings to the activities which lasted 3 days.  This training aimed at empowering youth leadership on the strategic prevention framework. This empowerment greatly aided in the oversight and facilitation of the conference training which was later held at the Kenya International Conference Centre, (KICC) on 11-14TH December 2018.


The world is fast changing especially due to the technological advancements made every other day. This has inevitably led to the promotion of drug and substance abuse through; the social media, music videos, movies, drug companies advertising their products enticingly , for example; the alcohol and tobacco companies which are easily accessible in the internet and televisions and even radio channels.  Recognizing the need to create more awareness on drug addiction concerns in the global platform, a 3 day International training workshop was organised and held at the Hilton Hotel, Nairobi on the 7-9th December 2018. The training was jointly organised by Colombo Plan, Drug Advisory Program (DAP), National Authority Campaign against Alcohol and Drug Abuse (NACADA), and the Community Anti-Drug Coalition of America.


This training was to equip the youth leaders with the proper leadership skills and training required to help their youth coalitions ensure a sustainable and effective engagement as well as solutions towards the drug and substance Abuse Reduction. The specific objectives of the training workshop were to familiarize the coalition members from the different organizations and coalitions the importance of adopting the strategic prevention framework in carrying out their projects. Few of the specific objectives of the training are listed below:

  1. Familiarize the participants in the knowledge on the basic concepts, principles, components, and approaches to the Strategic prevention framework and drug reduction
  2. Provide leadership training to the participants about incorporating social and environmental concerns in the drug and substance abuse management.
  3. Highlight the importance of coalition partnership and their roles in Drug and substance abuse reduction as well as the benefits of the same.


The training workshop opening was attended by ; the manager of Youth Leadership NACADA, Dr. Robert Alvarez and the Colombo Plan representative Madam DichenChien  Madam Yvonne Stroman Adult trainer CADCA and trainers from different countries most being from the host country Kenya, and of course the trainees.


The program started with introductions from all the participants present. They were required to state their names, country represented, organization involved with, what they did in the organizations and an option on their age. The first session was on familiarizing with each other and getting acquitted. After the introductions from the organizers, facilitators, and the participants there was 15 minutes refreshing tea break. After the break, the participants and trainers came up with ground rules, and set a timetable for the training sessions we all agreed would be followed to aid in the smooth running of the training.  

The second session after the break, the participants engaged in a quick energizer where they were supposed to work together on their different tables to build a tower made entirely of paper folds they would create.  The first presentation was made by Mrs, Yvonne from the United States of America. She introduced Strategic Prevention Framework as the main issue they would be training on. She introduced and gave an oversight on SPF which was developed by substance Abuse and Mental Health Services(SAMHSA). She explained that the SPF analyses the core principles which coalitions and organizations can come up with environmental strategies that are specific to the targeted community and are in line with the main agenda of Drug and Substance Abuse Reduction. SPF helps organizations in developing ideas and the infrastructure needed for community based projects; public health approaches that can lead to effective and sustainable reduction in alcohol, tobacco and other drug uses and abuse.

She further explained that the five pillars of the SPF are:-

  1. Assessment – This involves the collection of the needed data to carry out a project and the geographical mapping of the location that a project is intended for as well as the needs and gaps.
  2. Capacity – This entails building capacity within the pointed out area under project mapping to address the needs and gaps.
  3. Planning – This stage involves coming up with specific strategic approaches that include; programs, practices, and policies, creating a logical data-driven plan to address the problems highlighted in the assessment.
  4. Implementation – This stage is based on implementing evidence based prevention programs, programs, policies and practices.
  5. Evaluation – Measure the impact of the SPF and the implementation of strategies, programs policies and practices.

After the lunch break, Mr. Robert Alvarez from CADCA introduced the first pillar of SPF which is assessment. He explained on the importance of this stage in which coalition members and representatives are supposed to collect and analyse data from different sources in order for them to develop a common knowledge of substance misuse and existing prevention efforts. The session closed with a question and answer open forum where the trainers and participants would inquire on topics not fully understood. All asked questions were fully and clearly answered to the satisfactory of all participants by both Mrs. Yvonne and Mr. Alvarez.


Day 2 was an extension of the SPF steps by Mrs. Yvonne Stroman. She emphasized that the efficiency of the SPF process begins with a clear understanding of the community needs, and involves engaging stakeholders and community members in all the stages of the planning process. She gave ample explanation on the second step which is the Building capacity step. Building capacity focuses on identifying resources and readiness for addressing drug and substance abuse.  She made it clear that the community resources and readiness go hand in hand. Broad cultural representation is essential to sustaining long-term prevention efforts; the wider the support base the greater the likelihood a coalition or organization will achieve a successful outcome in their projects. This presentation was done using visual aids such as charts, and a projector to enable better understanding and engage the participants.

The two facilitators (Robert and Yvonne) led us through an exercise session.  From the trainee’s tables, they were to come up with case studies which would be their projects and they would work on it together following the SPF 5 step program.  They were supposed to come up with a project name, do a geographical mapping and note down a chart the hot spots that needed to be addressed from the identified needs and gaps. After this, the participants engaged in a question and answer platform before breaking for tea.

The third session was presented by Mr. Alvarez the youth leadership CADCA, who looked into and expounded on the third step of the SPF WHICH IS PLANNING. He explained and showed how to plan effectively by prioritizing risk and protective factors as well as building logic models. He explained in details and emphasized that planning is the key core to the sustainability of prevention outcomes. Planning establishes the resources needed to maintain program activities and increase the likelihood of achieving possible expected results. The participants engaged in a quick energizer and a short game to keep them alert led by Mavis Braga from Namibia. After, they went back to working on their projects and include the step they had just learned in their third session, after which, they broke for lunch.

After lunch, the group came back and participated in an ice breaker led by Miss Kemi from Nigeria who taught the group a Nigerian dance known as “SHAKU SHAKU” After the dance, the different groups were given a chance to present their projects clearly defining the process they choose based on the SPF. After each presentation, they were corrected by the trainers on where they had gone wrong in their projects and also a question and answer session was led by Mrs. Yvonne to ensure that every participant fully understood the steps of SPF. This session carried on till evening and was concluded by a brainstorming game led by Mrs. Yvonne.


On this day, Mr. Robert introduced the 4th stage of SPF which is the implementation stage. He focused and emphasized on developing a strong action plan for the intervention that would be chosen as the most suitable and sustainable. He also added on the importance of finding out how the community targeted responds to the program as well as staying aware of the factors that influence how an intervention is implemented. After the presentations, the groupswere to once again incorporate the fourth step into their specific draft projects, they then each made their presentation based on all they had learned so far one group at a time. After each presentation, they were corrected on areas they had not fully brought out each step and facilitator ensured they clarified everything so all participants fully understood all the concepts.  A short tea break was given after the presentations.

After the break, the group participated in an energizing session led by Mr. Isaac Wambua from Kenya who led the group through the game “Simon says”. The second session was on leadership training led by Mrs. Yvonne, she gave a mini lecture on leadership attributes and traits and dealing with a group of different people as a leader during the training. She explained on how to be an effective leader that is open-minded and goal oriented. An energizer led by Mr. Nick Odhiambo was conducted before the learning continued.

The third presentation was on the last stage of SPF which was the evaluation stage led by Mr. Robert. He explained the evaluation stage quantifies the challenges and success of implementing a prevention program. It is a stage characterized by systematic collection and analysis of information about program activities, outcomes and characteristics. After the presentation, the different tables worked on their projects incorporating the last stage then did a full summary presentation of their project following the SPF. They showed how they would plan and execute their project giving the prevention measures as well as time limit on their project.


During the closing session, the facilitators and organizers from both CADCA and Colombo Plan Drug Advisory Program listened to the remarks made by the participants who commended the organizers for their efforts in the successful organization of the training. The organizers gave their feedback of the group and their response to the invitation through NACADA and The DAP, their enthusiasm about the training and their positive feedback of the training. The training was adjourned and Mrs. DichenChien led a photo session of all the participants together with the facilitators from CADCA.  After the training ended participants agreed that they would go to the City Market after lunch for the International participants to get some sightseeing experience.


The evaluation was made by the participants who filled in evaluation questionnaires and submitted them back to the organizers. The evaluation questionnaires depict the advantages and eye opening ideas and information gained pertaining the training. All participants pointed out that the quality of the training was outstanding and agreed anonymously that it was helpful and relevant to their needs, work and expectations and would also be very useful in their communities.

The following table summarizes the results of the evaluation.


Quality of training




Features not included



9 8 9  


    1 2  





During the training program, several recommendations were made by the participants.

  1. The training program should be split into two events such as an introductory to leadership training and the other advanced aspects of both leadership and strategic prevention framework strategy.
  2. Where resources are available, the partner coalition should organise this training program more often and also to other countries which have experienced increased levels of drug and substance abuse such as South Africa and Nigeria.
  3. CADCA should promote and provide its expertise to member countries upon their request in partnership with the local coalition and organization.

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